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PNR or Passenger Name Record is a number that is saved within the servers of various modes of transport. The operators save the details pertaining to the said ticket in the form of this PNR number.

It is easier to trace and operate with the help of a single number rather than saving and working with a plethora of parameters such as:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Gender etc

PNR or Passenger Name Record Numbers are used in pretty much all modes of transport. It is a rather convenient way of storing the information.

Specifically speaking of the railways, the Indian Railways has a 10-digit PNR number which is allotted to each ticket that is booked. Now, there are a lot of things that a railway ticket has on offer.

It specifically details on everything related to that particular ticket and the people who are travelling with the help of that particular ticket.

The people who work on the tickets and allotments in the backend section have it easier when it comes to the PNR numbers, instead of having to deal with all of these details.

The most common information that can be found on a railway ticket, which is denoted by the Passenger Name Record number is as follows:

  • Name of the Passenger
  • Gender
  • Age
  • Train Details

The first options that have been mentioned have everything to do with the passenger or passengers who are eligible to travel with the help of that concerned train ticket.

Now, there are two limitations when it comes to the number of passengers on a single PNR number.

Those are as follows:

  • 6 People per PNR on a normal Ticker
  • 4 People per PNR on Tatkal Ticket

As the points mentioned above, only 6 people will be able to get hold of a single PNR. If anywhere above 6 people are concerned, another ticket will have to be booked in that regard.

Similarly, when it comes to Tatkal tickets, only 4 people will be able to get hold of a single PNR.


The most common reason behind this is most likely because Tatkal tickets are limited in nature, compared to the normal tickets. Hence, only 4 people are allowed per PNR.


When it comes to Train Details, the most essential details that are showcased on the train ticket backed by the single PNR are as follows:

  • Train Number
  • Train Name
  • Boarding Date
  • The Source Station
  • The Destination Station
  • Class of Ticket Booked
  • Booking Status of the Ticket
  • Current Status of the Ticket
  • Fare of the Ticket

These are almost all of the necessary details that are mentioned within the PNR number for a ticket. Segregating all of this information would have been a nightmare when it comes to handling all of the train tickets.

Thus, PNRs are a great way to store information and differentiate between everything. On a rather interesting note, PNR numbers are generated in a rather peculiar fashion. The first digit of a PNR number always depends on the starting point of the train, which ultimately gives away the PRS it is related to.

The next two digits of the PNR denote which particular PRS is the ticket booked from. The last seven digits are generated randomly and have nothing to do with an algorithm. This is the table explaining the PNR generation method: